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2019高考语文阅读训练:广场上美好的歌声
时间:2019年04月04日

 
2019高考语文阅读训练:广场上美好的歌声 
2019高考语文小说阅读训练:广场上美好的歌声   阅读下面的文字,完成第1—3题。   行动之前,杰夫卡夫斯基就有一种强烈的预感,这绝不是一次例行演习那么简单。果然,短短三个小时之后,装甲车队便开入捷克布拉格,而天空的广播也同时传来讯息,这次行动绝不是针对捷克斯洛伐克人民,而是逮捕杜布切克分子。   守护在布拉格边缘的一条要道,杰夫卡夫斯基和战友一样,他心里非常焦虑,这次取名为“尤里复仇”的行动到底要持续多久?   街对面不远处是一个教堂,悠扬的钢琴声隐隐约约地从里面传出来,杰夫卡夫斯基情不自禁地侧耳细听,曲子有点像《伏尔加母亲》,那是他最喜爱的一首曲子,如果不是德军突然入侵,杰夫卡夫斯基想,自己现在一定是一名钢琴师,至少不会手里拿着枪。   杰夫卡夫斯基无奈地笑笑,抬起头看看天空,只见晴空万里,太阳直直地照着脚下的城市,连影子都不见一点。这是个好兆头,久经战场的他可以肯定,战争已经结束,或者根本就没有发生,因为天空连一架飞机都没有,这就说明莫斯科再次取得了绝对性的胜利。   这样想着,杰夫卡夫斯基便觉全身轻松起来,反复观察了一下周边,没什么异动,便向远处的战友打了声招呼,自己一个人慢慢朝教堂走去。琴声已经停止,但教堂并没有静下来,透过门缝,杰夫卡夫斯基看见一群孩子正整齐地唱着歌,什么曲子他听不出来,只觉得歌声在教堂里显得特别响亮。   杰夫卡夫斯基喜欢这种感觉,便不由自主地走进去,他想问问这首歌的名字,甚至还想跟他们一起学习歌唱。然而,当他出现在那群孩子面前,歌声却突然停止,他们一个个惊恐万分,稍小一点的女孩甚至在往后躲。   杰夫卡夫斯基抱歉地笑笑,刚想说自己的来意,一个男孩却突然朝自己奔来,这是一个勇敢的男孩,杰夫卡夫斯基在心里默默赞许。可男孩大概跑得太急,竟然在阶梯处绊倒。遇到这种情况,杰夫卡夫斯基当然是毫不犹豫地向前搀扶。意外就发生在搀扶的那一刻,男孩拼命甩开他的手,大声哭诉:“坏人,你还我爸妈来,你们都是坏人!”与此同时,男孩竟然掏出一支手枪对准杰夫卡夫斯基的胸口,“啪”的一声,枪声在教堂里格外清脆。   杰夫卡夫斯基显得特别沉重,他真的不希望发生这种事,但当他发现男孩拿出手枪那一刻,还是习惯性地先下了手。教官曾无数次地训练他应对类似的情况,所以,枪杀男孩的事情完全可以算得上一次对敌作战,杰夫卡夫斯基甚至还可以把战绩上报。但是,在枪声之后,他却只觉天旋地转,怎么也站不起来,他看见男孩的脸,竟然带着微笑,一种解脱的微笑。   当战友冲进教堂,一支支枪口对准教堂里的孩子时,杰夫卡夫斯基终于挣扎着站起来,他告诉战友,这里没有杜布切克分子,男孩完全是自己一时冲动而错杀,回去后,他会主动接受军法处置。   教堂里所有的人都默不作声,无论是小孩或者大人,他们脸上都有种奇怪的表情。因为就在刚才,他们亲眼看见杰夫卡夫斯基把男孩手里的枪塞在自己怀里,一个军人竟然保护敌人的伙伴,这简直就是奇迹。   当杰夫卡夫斯基与战友跨出教堂的大门,外面阳光依旧明媚,整个布拉格宁静得像莫斯科的早晨,而就在杰夫卡夫斯基回头那一刻,透过教堂的大门,他看见那群孩子紧紧地靠在一起,悠扬的歌声再次响起,越唱越响,歌声从门口飘出来,弥漫在布拉格的天空。   (选自《意林》,有删改)   背景资料:1968年,捷克中央第一书记杜布切克发起“布拉格之春”改革,希望借此摆脱苏联。8月20日,苏军以军事演习的名义突袭机场并占领布拉格,逮捕了杜布切克,控制了捷克全境。   1.下列对小说有关内容的分析和概括,最恰当的一项是()   A.杰夫卡夫斯基守护在布拉格边缘的一条要道,和战友一样心里非常焦虑,他们厌恶战争,想尽快结束。   B.主人公听到教堂传出像《伏尔加母亲》的钢琴声,那是他最喜爱的一首曲子,所以后来他去教堂询问其名字。   C.布拉格的歌声是呼唤和平的歌声,是人类精神力量的象征,代表着捷克斯洛伐克的希望和未来。   D.杰夫卡夫斯基告诉战友,自己一时冲动错杀男孩,教堂里所有的人默不作声,因为面对敌人的枪口。   CA项,“他们厌恶战争,想尽快结束”,于文无据。B项,强加因果。D项,只揭示了部分原因,人们的沉默,更多的是对杰夫卡夫斯基的举动的不解。   2.小说中多处描写歌声,有什么作用?请简要分析。   ①照应题目,以美好的“歌声”,表达对美好生活的向往;   ②渲染宁静而压抑的氛围;   ③表现人物内心世界的复杂情绪,以情感人,引发人们对战争的思考;   ④推动故事情节的发展。   【解析“歌声”也属于形象一类的,也就是分析形象的作用。一般是指向自身、人物、情节、主题等几个方面,但一定要结合文本内容具体分析。】   3.杰夫卡夫斯基是合格的军人吗?结合全文,谈谈你的观点。   (1)我认为杰夫卡夫斯基是一个合格的军人。   ①从资历上看,杰夫卡夫斯基是一个“二战”老兵,德军入侵苏联,他成为一名保家卫国的战士,为了祖国利益而战。   ②从信仰上看,杰夫卡夫斯基对“莫斯科”有着无比信任,体现了其军人的坚定信仰。   ③从军事素质看,杰夫卡夫斯基训练有素,当男孩拿出手枪的那一刻,他习惯性地下手并保住了自己的性命。   (2)我认为杰夫卡夫斯基并不是一个合格的军人。   ①杰夫卡夫斯基并不热爱自己的职业。他喜欢音乐,对自己差点成为钢琴师念念不忘,战争期间也因为听到钢琴声而思想上开小差。   ②杰夫卡夫斯基意志不坚定,太善良,太具爱心。军人作为国家的战争机器,应该是命令的执行者。但杰夫卡夫斯基在枪杀了男孩之后,却“只觉天旋地转,怎么也站不起来”。   ③杰夫卡夫斯基自作主张,“保护敌人的伙伴”,这并不是一个军人应有的行为。   【解析所谓合格与不合格,要有一个参照的标准。作为军人,服从命令、保卫国家是第一位的;其次要有军人的素养;本小说还将战争与人性放在一起,服从人性,可能就不能成为一个合格的军人。回答时,先确立自己的观点,然后参照前面的要点,言之成理即可。】 
 
Chinese Reading Training for College Entrance Examination in 2019: A Beautiful Singing in the Square
Reading Training of Chinese Novels in College Entrance Examination in 2019: Reading the following words with beautiful songs in the square, and completing questions 1-3. Before the action, Jeff Kafsky had a strong sense that it was by no means a routine exercise. Sure enough, just three hours later, the armored convoy moved into Prague, Czech Republic, and the air broadcast also sent a message that the operation was not aimed at the Czechoslovak people, but the arrest of Dubucheks. Jeff Kafsky, like his comrades-in-arms, was very anxious about how long the action named "revenge of Yuri" would last. Not far from the street was a church, from which the melodious piano voice came faintly. Jeff Kafsky could not help but listen carefully. The music was a little like "Mother Volga", which was his favorite. A song of love, if not for the sudden invasion of the German army, Jeff Kafsky thought that he must be a pianist now, at least not with a gun in his hand. Jeff Kafsky smiled helplessly and looked up at the sky. The sky was clear and the sun was shining directly on the city under his feet, without even a shadow. This is a good omen. He can be sure that the war is over, or that it has not happened at all, because there is not even a plane in the sky, which means that Moscow has won an absolute victory again. With this in mind, Jeff Kafsky felt relaxed all over, observed the surroundings again and again, and without any change, he greeted his comrades in the distance and walked slowly to the church by himself. The sound of the piano had stopped, but the church was not quiet. Through the crack in the door, Jeff Kafsky saw a group of children singing neatly. He could not hear any music, but felt that the song was particularly loud in the church. Jeff Kafsky liked the feeling and went in involuntarily. He wanted to ask the name of the song and even learn to sing with them. However, when he appeared in front of the group of children, the singing stopped suddenly, and they were terrified one by one, and the smaller girls even hid behind. Jeff Kafsky smiled apologetically, just wanted to say his intention, but a boy suddenly rushed towards himself, this is a brave boy, Jeff Kafsky in the heart of silent approval. But the boy probably ran too fast and tripped on the ladder. In this case, of course, Jeff Kafsky did not hesitate to help forward. The accident happened at the moment of support, the boy desperately shook his hand and cried out, "Bad man, you come to my parents, you are all bad men!" At the same time, the boy took out a pistol and pointed it at Jeff Kafsky's chest, "crack" and the sound of the gun was very clear in the church. Jeff Kafsky seemed so heavy that he really didn't want it to happen, but when he found out that the boy took out his pistol, he habitually started first. The instructor had trained him countless times to deal with similar situations, so the shooting of boys could be counted as the last battle against the enemy, and Jeff Kafsky could even report his achievements. However, after the shooting, he just felt that the sky was spinning around and he could not stand up. He saw the boy's face with a smile, a kind of relief smile. When his comrade-in-arms rushed into the church and pointed a gun at the children in the church, Jeff Kafsky finally struggled to stand up. He told his comrade-in-arms that there was no Dubuchek in the church. The boy was killed by mistake on his own impulse. When he returned, he would take the initiative to accept military law treatment. All the people in the church were silent. There was a strange expression on their faces, whether children or adults. Because just now, they saw Jeff Kafsky put the gun in the boy's arms. It was a miracle that a soldier should protect his enemy's companions. When Jeff Kafsky and his comrades-in-arms stepped out of the church door, the sunshine was still bright outside, and the whole Prague was as quiet as Moscow's morning. At the moment Jeff Kafsky turned back, through the church door, he saw the group of children closely together, the melodious singing sounded again, the louder and louder, the singing came out of the door and filled the sky of Prague. Background information: In 1968, the first Secretary of the Czech Central Committee, Du Bouchek, initiated the "Prague Spring" reform, hoping to get rid of the Soviet Union. On August 20, the Soviet army raided the airport and occupied Prague in the name of military exercises, arrested Dubuchek and took control of the whole Czech territory. 1. The following analysis and summary of the contents of the novel is the most appropriate one () A. Jeff Kafsky guards a key road on the edge of Prague, and is as anxious as his comrades-in-arms, who hate war and want to end it as soon as possible. B. The protagonist heard piano sounds like "Mother Volga" coming from the church, which was his favorite song, so he went to the church to ask his name later. C. Prague's song is a call for peace, a symbol of human spiritual strength, and represents the hope and future of Czechoslovakia. D. Jeff Kafsky told his comrades that he killed the boy on impulse, and all the people in the church were silent because they were facing the enemy's guns. CA item, "They hate war and want to end it as soon as possible" is unfounded. Item B, imposing causation. Item D, reveals only part of the reason, people's silence, more of Jeff Kafsky's action is puzzled. 2. What is the function of describing singing in many places in the novel?

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