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高考最后一周:考场上能拿到高分的细节总结【二】;
时间:2019年01月15日

高考最后一周:考场上能拿到高分的细节总结【二】;
 
 
1拿到试卷时脑子空白是怎么回事?
 
  有的考生习惯于考前开夜车,搞得很疲劳。人越疲劳,记忆能力越差,发生暂时遗忘的可能性越大。而且,人在疲劳状态下,容易出现种种引起大脑迟钝的生理反应。我们都有这样的体会,有时明明知道试题的答案,由于紧张,一时想不起来,可事后不加思索,正确答案也会“油然而生”。
 
这种现象在心理学上叫“舌尖现象”。遇到“舌尖现象”,最好是把回忆搁置起来,去解其他问题,等抑制过去后,需要的知识、经验往往会自然出现。
 
考试时,一时想不起某道试题的答案,可以暂停回忆,转移一下注意力,先解决其他题目,过一定的时间后,所需要的答案也许就回忆起来了。
 
如果拿到试卷时,大脑紧张得一片空白,可通过强烈的心理暗示来有效地抑制紧张隋绪。暗示语要具体、简短和肯定,如:“我早就准备好了,就等这一天。”“我喜欢考试,喜欢同别人比个高低。”“我今天精神很好,头脑清醒,思维敏捷,一定会考出好成绩。面对这些问题不需要紧张。”“我觉得我有能力去解答这些问题。”“考试是在检验我学会了多少,重要的是‘学会它’而不是‘得几分’。”“这道题不会没关系,先做会的。”“我已经准备很充分,一定可以好好地表现一番。”“我就知道,我一定可以做得很好。”“虽然题目难了一点,但我准备很充足,难不倒我。”通过这样的听觉渠道、言语渠道,反馈给大脑皮层的相应区域,形成一个多渠道强化的兴奋中心,能有效地抑制你的紧张情绪。
 
1考场上助你拿到高分的细节:做选择题有哪些规律?
 
  做选择题有以下四种基本方法:
 
第一种是回忆法,即直接从记忆库中提取要填空的内容;
 
第二种是直接解答法,多用在数理科的试题中,根据已知条件,通过计算、作图或代入选择依次进行验证等途径,得出正确答案;
 
第三种方法是淘汰错误法,把选择题各选择项中错误的答案排除,余下的便是正确答案;
 
第四种方法是猜测法,有时你会碰到一些拿不准或是超出你的能力范围的题目,如果这些题目没有注明选错倒扣分的话,猜测町以为你创造更多的得分机会。当你面对一道让你毫无头绪的题目时,可以先空在那里,在考试即将结束前利用检查时间重新考虑,若仍没有头绪,可填上你的第一感觉选中的代码。
 
  答案整体上有个规律:即每一选项的出现次数大致相同。当时间过于紧张而你又有不少题空着不会做时,不如通观前面所选,找那些出现最少的字码选上,这也不失为一种应试技巧吧。总之,做选择题要心细,思路要把握好,答案与题目要结合考虑。如果对题目了解得很贴切,对知识掌握得很准确,做题目就自然轻而易举了。
 
 
 
What happens to the blank brain when you get the test paper?
 
Some candidates are used to burning the midnight oil before the exam and get very tired. The more tired people are, the worse their memory is, and the greater the possibility of temporary forgetting. Moreover, under the fatigue state, people are prone to a variety of physiological reactions that cause brain retardation. We all have this experience. Sometimes we know the answer to the question clearly. Because of the tension, we can't remember it for a moment, but we don't think about it afterwards, and the correct answer will come up spontaneously.
 
This phenomenon is called "tongue tip phenomenon" in psychology. When we encounter the phenomenon of "tip of tongue", it is better to put aside the memory and solve other problems. After restraining the past, the knowledge and experience we need will appear naturally.
 
In an exam, if you can't remember the answer to a certain question for a moment, you can pause your memory, divert your attention and solve other questions first. After a certain period of time, the answer you need may be recalled.
 
If you get the test paper, the brain is tense to a blank, through strong psychological hints to effectively suppress tension Sui Xu. Suggestions should be specific, brief and affirmative, such as: "I'm ready for this day." "I like examinations and I like to compare with others." "I'm in good spirits, clear-headed and quick-thinking today, and I'm sure to get good grades. There is no need to be nervous about these problems. "I think I have the ability to answer these questions." "Examination is to test how much I have learned. It's important to'learn it'rather than'Get a few points'." "It doesn't matter. Let's do it first." "I've been well prepared and I'm sure I can make a good performance." "I knew I could do it well." "Although the subject is a little difficult, I am well prepared and can't beat me." Through such auditory and speech channels, feedback to the corresponding areas of the cerebral cortex can form a multi-channel enhanced excitation center, which can effectively inhibit your tension.
 
Details that help you get high marks in the examination room: What are the rules of making choice questions?
 
There are four basic ways to do multiple choice questions:
 
The first is the recall method, which extracts the contents to be filled in directly from the memory bank.
 
The second is the direct answer method, which is often used in mathematics and science examination questions. According to the known conditions, the correct answer can be obtained through calculation, drawing or substitution selection.
 
The third method is to eliminate the error method, excluding the wrong answers in the choice items, and the rest is the correct answers.
 
The fourth method is guessing. Sometimes you will encounter some questions that are uncertain or beyond your ability. If these questions do not indicate the wrong score, guess that you will create more scoring opportunities. When you are confronted with a topic that leaves you with no clues, you can leave it there first, reconsider it before the end of the exam, and fill in the code selected by your first feeling if you still have no clues.
 
The answer as a whole has a rule: each option appears roughly the same number of times. When the time is too tight and you have many questions that you can't do, it's better to look through the previous selection and choose the words that appear least. This is also a test-taking skill. In a word, we should be careful in choosing the questions, grasp the train of thought, and consider the answers and the questions together. If you know the topic well and master t

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